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Case Reports

Section edited by Alfred Zippelius, MD

Reports on unusual or unexpected clinical cases that expand the field of general medical knowledge. Includes information on an unexpected association between diseases or symptoms, an unexpected event in the course of observing or treating a patient, findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of the disease or an adverse effect, unique or rare features of the disease, and/or a unique therapeutic approach.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Use of anti-programmed cell death-1 (anti-PD-1) has been successful in treating many types of cancers. Despite its promising efficacy, immune-related adverse events are still a major concern. Immune-related ca...

    Authors: Chien-Yi Hsu, Yu-Wen Su and San-Chi Chen

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:72

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Treatment of metastatic melanoma patients with immune checkpoint inhibitors is an important standard of care. Side effects are due to immune activation, can affect virtually all organ systems, and are occasion...

    Authors: Andrew Hantel, Brooke Gabster, Jason X. Cheng, Harvey Golomb and Thomas F. Gajewski

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:73

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) have shown promising results in many solid tumors. There are limited data on the safety and efficacy of these drugs in HIV infected patients as they have traditionally been ...

    Authors: Muhammad Husnain, Wungki Park, Juan Carlos Ramos, Thomas E. Johnson, Joseph Chan, Arvind Dasari, Raja Mudad and Peter J. Hosein

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:66

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Sebaceous carcinoma is an aggressive adnexal skin tumor with a predilection for the eyelids and sebaceous glands of the head and neck.

    Authors: Evidio Domingo-Musibay, Paari Murugan, Alessio Giubellino, Sandeep Sharma, Daniel Steinberger, Jianling Yuan, Matthew A. Hunt, Emil Lou and Jeffrey S. Miller

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:58

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  5. Content type: Case report

    The treatment options for metastatic malignant melanoma have drastically changed recently,including the increased use of immunotherapeutic agents that offer significant responses. Accordingly, it hasbecome com...

    Authors: Joseph I. Clark, Shams Bufalino, Shruti Singh and Ewa Borys

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:53

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) target T cell inhibitory pathways that are responsible for cancer tolerance by down-modulating immune functions. ICI have revolutionized patients care with lung cancer. Never...

    Authors: Léa Paolini, Caroline Poli, Simon Blanchard, Thierry Urban, Anne Croué, Marie-Christine Rousselet, Sarah Le Roux, Nathalie Labarrière, Pascale Jeannin and José Hureaux

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:52

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Patients with metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (mMCC) who experience disease progression on immunotherapy have limited additional standard options. Given evidence of synergism between radiation therapy (RT) an...

    Authors: Melody J. Xu, Susan Wu, Adil I. Daud, Siegrid S. Yu and Sue S. Yom

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:43

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Human papillomavirus-related small cell carcinoma of the head and neck is an extremely rare, aggressive subtype with poor outcomes. Therapeutic options are limited and are largely adopted from small cell lung ...

    Authors: Won Jin Ho, Lisa Rooper, Sarah Sagorsky and Hyunseok Kang

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:33

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Immunotherapy, in particular checkpoint blockade, has changed the clinical landscape of metastatic melanoma. Nonetheless, the majority of patients will either be primary refractory or progress over follow up. ...

    Authors: Zoë Blake, Douglas K. Marks, Robyn D. Gartrell, Thomas Hart, Patti Horton, Simon K. Cheng, Bret Taback, Basil A. Horst and Yvonne M. Saenger

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:25

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Immunotherapies targeting the PD-1 checkpoint pathway have recently gained regulatory approval in numerous cancer types. With the widespread use of immune checkpoint therapies, varying patterns of responses an...

    Authors: Randy F. Sweis, Yuanyuan Zha, Lomax Pass, Brian Heiss, Tara Chongsuwat, Jason J. Luke, Thomas F. Gajewski and Russell Szmulewitz

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:24

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Immune checkpoint therapy has dramatically changed the landscape of cancer therapy, providing an efficacious and durable therapeutic option for patients with advanced-stage disease. However, dermatologic toxic...

    Authors: Michael T. Tetzlaff, Kelly C. Nelson, Adi Diab, Gregg A. Staerkel, Priyadharsini Nagarajan, Carlos A. Torres-Cabala, Beth A. Chasen, Jennifer A. Wargo, Victor G. Prieto, Rodabe N. Amaria and Jonathan L. Curry

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:14

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Uveal melanoma accounts for 85% of the ocular melanomas and has an increased risk of hematogenous spread, most commonly to the liver. After curative intent therapy like surgery and radiation, fifty percent of ...

    Authors: Muhammad Zubair Afzal, Rodwell Mabaera and Keisuke Shirai

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:13

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Immune check point inhibitors (ICIs) have emerged as a new therapeutic paradigm for a variety of malignancies including metastatic melanoma. As the use of ICIs expand, immune-mediated adverse events are becomi...

    Authors: Amrita Padda, Elena Schiopu, Justin Sovich, Vincent Ma, Ajjai Alva and Leslie Fecher

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:12

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Ipilimumab is an FDA-approved anti-CTLA-4 monoclonal antibody used in treatment of metastatic melanoma. We present an unusual neurological complication of Ipilimumab therapy and the diagnostic dilemma it caused.

    Authors: Lorraine Cafuir, David Lawson, Nilesh Desai, Vita Kesner and Alfredo Voloschin

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:11

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  15. Content type: Case report

    The assessment of tumor size by RECIST using CT scans and MRIs is considered to be standard of care for staging cancer patients. Despite radiologic evidence of widespread disease, we document for the first tim...

    Authors: Stefan Schliep, Abbas Agaimy, Alexander Cavallaro, Franklin Kiesewetter, Gerold Schuler and Lucie Heinzerling

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:2

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) has been reported after immunologic manipulations, most often through therapeutic monoclonal antibodies. To our knowledge, CRS after radiation therapy (RT) for cancer has not be...

    Authors: Christopher A. Barker, Samuel K. Kim, Sadna Budhu, Konstantina Matsoukas, Anthony F. Daniyan and Sandra P. D’Angelo

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2018 6:1

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  17. Content type: Case report

    There has been a significant improvement in survival of advanced malignancies with the advent of checkpoint inhibitors. These newer treatment modalities come with a wide spectrum of unique side effects, termed...

    Authors: Pouyan N. Changizzadeh, Shiva Kumar R. Mukkamalla and Vincent A. Armenio

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2017 5:97

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Metastatic gastric cancer (GC) is an incurable and aggressive disease with a poor prognosis. Immunotherapy is an attractive approach for treating patients with cancer, and studies using immunotherapy have show...

    Authors: Gustavo dos Santos Fernandes, Daniel da Motta Girardi, Luiza Dib Batista Bugiato Faria, João Paulo Giacomini Bernardes and Renata de Almeida Coudry

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2017 5:84

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Severe myocarditis associated with electrical conduction abnormalities and occasionally heart failure has been well documented following treatment with immune checkpoint blockade with an estimated incidence of...

    Authors: Timothy G. Norwood, Brian C. Westbrook, Douglas B. Johnson, Silvio H. Litovsky, Nina L. Terry, Svetlana B. McKee, Alan S. Gertler, Javid J. Moslehi and Robert M. Conry

    Citation: Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer 2017 5:91

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