- Poster presentation
- Open Access
What transposable elements are differentially translated in lung cancer?
© Yang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
- Published: 7 November 2013
- Transposable Element
- Cancerous Lung Tissue
- Silence Mechanism
- Vaccine Target
- Genomic Methylation
Transposable element (TE) expression is generally silent in somatic tissues, due to significant genomic methylation and other redundant methods of silencing. Cancer tissues, however, exhibit a marked decrease in methylation throughout the genome, which can result in de-repression of transposable element transcription. Because of this phenomenon, TEs may be tumor-specific antigens for use as potential biomarkers and vaccine targets. Lung cancer in particular is in dire need of early screening tools and treatment; the five-year survival rate is 16%. Ideal biomarkers and vaccine targets for lung cancer would be proteins or polypeptides that can be recognized by the immune system. However, TEs are subject to multiple post-transcriptional silencing mechanisms, such that increased hypomethylation does not necessarily result in increased polypeptide expression. Although evidence of increased transposable element RNAs and proteins in cancer tissues (in particular LINE-1 and HERV-K) exist in the literature, translation of other retrotransposon-encoded intermediates and other repetitive transcripts has not been thoroughly investigated. To this end we selectively sequenced translated TE sequences in a conditional mouse model of lung cancer, using ribosomal profiling. Comparing ribosomal footprints of healthy wild-type and transgenic cancerous lung tissues allows us to identify differentially translated elements.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.