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P60. Microtubule-depolymerising agents used in antibody-drug-conjugates induce anti-tumour immunity by stimulation of dendritic cells

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Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are emerging as powerful treatment strategies with outstanding target specificity and high therapeutic activity in cancer patients. Brentuximab vedotin represents a first-in-class ADC directed against CD30-positive malignancies. We hypothesised that its sustained clinical responses could be related to the stimulation of an anti-cancer immune response. We here demonstrate that the dolastatin family of microtubule inhibitors, from which the cytotoxic component of brentuximab vedotin is derived, comprises potent inducers of phenotypic and functional DC maturation. In addition to the direct cytotoxic effect on tumour cells, dolastatins efficiently promoted antigen uptake and migration of tumour-resident DCs to tumour-draining lymph nodes. Exposure of murine and human DCs to dolastatins significantly increased their capacity to prime T cells. Underlining the requirement of an intact host immune system for the full therapeutic benefit of dolastatins, the anti-tumour effect was far less pronounced in immune-compromised mice. When combining dolastatins with tumour-antigen-specific vaccination or blockade of the PD-1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 co-inhibitory pathways, we observed substantial therapeutic synergies. Ultimately, ADCs using dolastatins induce DC homing and activate cellular anti-tumour immune responses in patients. Our data reveal a novel mechanism of action for dolastatins and provide a strong rationale for clinical treatment regimens combining dolastatin-based therapies, such as brentuximab vedotin, with immune-based therapies.

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Correspondence to K Martin.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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Keywords

  • Brentuximab Vedotin
  • Antibody Drug Conjugate
  • Direct Cytotoxic Effect
  • Microtubule Inhibitor
  • Intact Host